Xanthan gum is highly water soluble and can form a viscous, gel-like substance when mixed with water. It can also resist degradation at high temperatures and in acidic or alkaline environments. These properties make it useful as a thickener, stabilizer, and emulsifier in various applications. Its smaller particle size allows it to dissolve more quickly and evenly in water, making it easier to work with in certain applications. Xanthan gum is often used in the production of products where a fine texture is desired.